What is Pind Daan?
Pind daan is a sacred ritual performed by Hindus after the death of a family member. According to Hinduism, this ritual is mandatory for the peace of the soul that has left for the heavenly abode. It is performed for the dead to provide them relief from the earthly attachments and find ultimate salvation.
As per the Hindu scriptures, a pind is something that is circular in shape. That is why in Pind daan, rice flour or barley flour is used to make round balls as an offering to the departed soul.
Types of Pind daan:
- Pitra Dosh Nivaran:
This ritual recommends for those who have Pitra Dosh to get rid of this dosha. This pooja involves tarpan karma, offering food and clothes to Brahmins, and Pitra Aradhana.
This ritual is perform for those who have Kalsharpa dosha suffer from financial losses and are devoid of prosperity and happiness in their family.
This ritual is perform for the salvation of the loved ones who have died in unnatural circumstances.
What is the significance of Pind Daan?
Pind daan is an extremely vital ritual that helps the:
Pind daan relieves the departed soul from the cycle of rebirth and death.
Pind daan is also essential to detach the soul from the worldly materialistic ties so that it can advance further in the evolutionary journey.
If the Pind daan is not perform then the soul may be unhappy & dissatisfied and it may wander around longing for the feelings that were left unachieved.
Pind daan helps in showing enlightenment to the departed soul and leads him towards moksha.
This ceremony is very important for the happiness, well-bring, and prosperity of a family.
What is the significance of Pind Daan?
Though there are several holy places in India where Pind daan can be perform such as Varanasi, Prayagraj, Haridwar, or Ujjain, Gaya holds the highest significance. Here are a few reasons why Gaya is the most preferred holy destination for pind daan:
Gaya is called the land of salvation. The name Gaya has originated from the name of a demon named Gaya asur who with great devotion had the blessings of Lord Vishnu. Upon his wish, Lord Vishnu had reincarnated himself in a rock and blessed the place so that people would come here and perform the rituals for their passed on loved ones.
A famous Vishnu temple known as “Vishnupad temple” is situated which holds great religious importance and is the prime destination for performing pind daan in Gaya. It is mention in the Purana that those who worship the footprints of Lord Vishnu in the temple and offer the ashes of the loved ones at the footprint would help their relatives to attain salvation.
According to the hindy mythology, Lord Rama went to Gaya to perform pind daan for his father Dashratha about 12 lakh years ago in treta yuga.
A Pitru Raksha Mela is organise in Gaya every year between the months of September and November where several people visit to perform pind daan in Gaya.
Pind Daan rituals are perform at the bank of the holy river Falgu that flows in the heart of Gaya.
Lord Buddha attained enlightenment under a banyan tree in Bodhgaya, a place about 10 km from Gaya. Bodhgaya is also an important place where pind daan is performed.
How is Pind Daan performed?
Pind daan is usually performed by the eldest male member of the family. Sometimes, even females also perform pind daan in Gaya. The person who is going to perform the rituals has to wear white clothes and has to take bath in the holy river.
Rice, jaggers, and sweets offered to God under the guidance of the brahmins who recite mantras while assisting the ceremony. It advised performing Pind Daan in the afternoon.
There are 43 vedis in Gaya that need to be cover as a part of the ritual but the number of vedis to be cover also depends on the type of the pind daan that is performing. The brahmins provide appropriate guidance regarding the same.
As per Hindu scriptures, we indebted to our ancestors and forefathers. In order to show our gratitude towards them, we have to perform these rituals.
There are three major types of Rin or debts that have been mentioned in Vedas and other religious texts:
- Pita Rin: The following procedures need to be performed to relieve oneself from Pitra Rin:
- Antyeshti Sanskar (Funeral ceremony):
The funeral or the last sacrifice is perform after the passing of a loved one. It is also known as “AntimSanskar” wherein the body of the dead is put to fire under the guidance of a Hindu priest.
The ashes are collected after the funeral ceremony and are stored in a copper vessel. The ashes are then flown into the holy river Ganga.
On an appropriate date upon the advise of a priest, the loved ones and known of the passed soul are invited over for a feasting ceremony in the remembrance of the departed soul. In this ceremony, the brahmins are also offered food and dakshina.
2. Dev Rin: For this Vedic karma kand, Rudra Abhishek and yagya is performed.
3. Rishi Rin: Sevasatkar and Daan are essential to overcome rishi rin.
When is the most auspicious day for performing Pind daan?
Although pind daan can be performed in Gaya anytime of the year, there is a specific time period which is considered most auspicious to perform a pind daan in Gaya.
During the PitriPaksh mela, the day of Amawasya during Krishna Paksh is considered the most significant day to perform these rites.
Following rituals are performed by those who visit for pind daan in Gaya:
- Snana and Sankalpa:
The individual who is supposed to perform the ritual has to bathe in the holy river and take the sankalpa of the pind daan with the help of a priest.
- Pind Daan:
This is the actual procedure in which the ancestors and the passed soul is worshipped.
This is a special offering to the Devas and Navgrahas by the close relatives of the departed soul so that the soul is able to enter swarga and does not have to suffer.
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