Chhath Puja 2021, also referred to as Sun Shashthi is widely known on Kartik Shukla Shashthi. This festival is widely known after 6 days of Diwali and mainly celebrated within the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand with great fanfare.
On Chhath Puja 2021, worship Sun God and Chhathi Maiya helps you gain health, wealthness, and happiness. within a previous couple of years, Chhath Puja possesses a special significance as a folk festival.
This is often the rationale why the festival is widely known with great pomp and show.
About Chhath Puja
In this year, Chhath Puja 2021 celebrated on 10th November 2021, let me tell you that the special festival of Chhath Puja 2021 celebrated every year on the sixth lunar day after Deepawali, Shukla Shashthi Tithi of Kartik month.
This year the Chhath Puja celebration will begin from 20th November evening, in which the first ‘Arghya’ (offerings) given on 19th November.
Thereafter, it will end with the second ‘Arghya’ (offerings) on the evening of 21 November. Chhath Puja is a Hindu festival, which is celebrated with great eagerness by the people every year.
It is a very ancient festival of Hinduism, dedicated to the Sun, the God of Energy, which is also known as Surya-Shashthi.
People observe this festival to receive the blessings of life forever on earth, and celebrates this festival to thank the Sun God.
People worship the Sun God with great enthusiasm and pray for the well-being of their relatives, elder people, friends, and well-wishers.
According to Hindu religion, worshipping the Sun God relates to the treatment of certain categories of diseases, such as leprosy, etc.
It is the custom of fasting throughout the day by getting up early in the morning and taking bath in the holy Ganges river, they don’t even drink a drop of water and stand in the neck deep water for a long spell of time.
They give ‘Arghya’ (offerings) and ‘Prasad’ to the rising Sun. It celebrated in different states of India, such as: Bihar, U.P., Jharkhand and Nepal.
According to the Hindu calendar, it is celebrated on the sixth lunar day of Kartik Month (in the month of October or November).
In some places, Chaitri Chhath celebrated a few days after Holi, in the month of Chaitra (March or April).
It named as Chhath because it is celebrated on the sixth lunar day of Kartik Month. Chhath Puja is very famous in Dehri-on-Sone, Patna, Dev and Gaya. Now it is celebrated throughout India.
Chhath Puja 2021: Date And Timings
As per the Hindu calendar, Chhath Puja is observed on the sixth day of the Kartik month. The sunrise and sunset muhurat for the four days is as follows:
Day 1- Chaturthi (Nahay Khay)
Date: November 8, 2021
Sunrise: 6:38 am
Sunset: 5:31 pm
Day 2- Panchami (Lohanda and Kharna)
Date: November 9, 2021
Sunrise: 6:39 am
Sunset: 5:31 pm
Day 3- Shashthi (Chhath Puja, Sandhya Arghya)
Chhath Puja Date: November 10, 2021
Sunrise on Chhath Puja Day – 06:40 AM
Sunset on Chhath Puja Day – 05:30 PM
Day 4- Saptami (Usha Arghya, Parana Day)
Date: November 11, 2021
Sunrise: 6:41 am
Sunset: 5:29 pm
History and Origin of Chhath Puja
Chhath Puja holds great importance in Hindu religion and there is a perception that the king (which king) requested to come to the old priests and worship the Sun God traditionally.
They worshipped the Sun God by recitation of mantras and stotras from the ancient Rigveda.
The ancient Chhath Puja done by Pandavas and Draupadi of Hastinapur (New Delhi) to solve their problems and get back to their state.
It is also believed that Chhath Puja started by Karna, the son of the Sun. He was a great warrior during the war of Mahabharata and was the ruler of ‘Ang’ country (Munger district of Bihar).
On the day of Chhath Puja, the Chhathi Maiya (wife of Lord Sun) is also worshipped. The Chhathi Maiya is also known as ‘Usha’ in Vedas.
‘Usha’ means morning (first ray of the day). People pray to the Chhathi Maiya to overcome their troubles as well as to attain salvation or liberation.
The second historical story behind celebrating Chhath Puja is of Lord Rama. It is believed that after 14 years of exile when Lord Rama and mother Sita came back to Ayodhya, Lord Sun was worshipped in the month of Kartik.
By fasting during the enthronement and from that time onwards, Chhath Puja became an important and traditional festival of Hinduism.
The Story of Chhath Puja
A long time ago, there was a king named Priyabrata and his wife was Malini. They lived very happily, but there was a reason for sorrow in their lives that they had no children.
He decided to perform a very big sacrificial ‘Yagna’ to be blessed with children with the help of Maharishi Kashyap.
But after 9 months, she gave birth to a dead child. The king was very unhappy and decided to commit suicide. His wife became pregnant because of the impact of the sacrificial fire.
Suddenly a Goddess appeared before him while committing suicide. The goddess said, “I am Goddess Chhathi and whoever worships me with pure mind and soul must receive children.”
King Priyabrata did the same and received a beautiful and loving child as the blessings of the Goddess Chhathi. Since then, people have started celebrating Chhath Puja.
Traditions and Customs of Chhath Puja
It is believed that the person who worships Chhath is separated from his main family for 4 days of the period of restraint after taking a holy bath. Throughout the period he sleeps on the floor with a blanket with pure thoughts in his mind.
It is generally believed that once a family started Chhath Puja, he and his next generation will also have to do this pooja every year and it can be left only when someone has died in the family that year.
Devotees offer offerings to the Sun in small bamboo baskets including sweets, kheer, thekua and fruits at Chhath. Prasad is prepared without salt, onion and garlic to maintain purity.
This is a 4-day long festival that includes:
On the first day devotees bathe in the holy water of Ganges early in the morning and they also bring some water at home to prepare their offerings. There should be cleanliness at home and around on this day.
They take a single meal, known as pumpkin-bhaat, which is made on the earthen stove only is cooked in a copper or pottery utensils, burning mango wood.
On the second day (one day before Chhath), on Panchami Tithi, devotees fast all day and after worshipping the Earth in the evening, breaks fast after the Sun sets. They offer kheer, a thin bread fried in ghee, and fruits in the worship.
After eating in the evening, they keep fasting for 36 hours without drinking a single drop of water.
On the third day (on the day of Chhath), they give ‘Sandhya Arghya’ at the ghat along the river. After giving ‘Sandhya Arghya’, they wear a yellow saree. Other members of the family wait to receive blessings from the Poojan.
On the night of Chhath, a traditional programme is celebrated with mud lamps covered with five sugarcane sticks on the Kosi. Five sugarcane sticks display five elements (earth, water, fire, air and sky) that create the human body.
On the morning of the fourth day (Paaran), devotees, along with their family and friends, pay the Bihania on the banks of the river Ganga. Devotees break their fast by eating Chhath Prasad.
Stages of Chhath Puja
There are six great stages of Chhath Puja which are:
It is believed that fasting and cleanliness of the body are done to accept worldly solar energy by removing the toxic elements from the body and mind.
By dipping half the body into water, it reduces the drainage of energy from the body and facilitates the soul by upgrading the Sushumna.
Then cosmic solar energy takes place in the pineal, pituitary and hypothalamus glands (known as the Triveni Complex) by the retina and optic veins.
In the fourth phase, the Triveni Complex becomes active.
After the activation of the Triveni Complex, the spinal cord becomes polarised and the body of the devotee turns into a Cosmic Power Station and the Kundalini Power is gained.
At this stage the devotee is able to fully guide, recur and pass on energy throughout the universe.
Benefits of Chhath Puja Processes
It is a way of purification of the body and mind that leads to biochemical changes.
Is possible to control the effect(s) of the soul by purification and to become more energetic. Improves the outline of the skin, develops better vision and slows down the aging process.
The Benefits of Chhath Puja
Devotees of Chhath Puja can improve the immunity power of the body.
A variety of skin diseases can be cured through safe rays of the Sun God.
It improves the immunity of blood by improving the functioning of white blood corpuscles.
Solar energy provides the power to control the proper secretion of hormones.
Daily Sun Meditation relaxes our body and mind. Pranayama, yoga and meditation are also effective ways to control the body and mind.
Pilgrims come to Varanasi for a session of peaceful Yoga and Meditation, on the banks of River Ganga.
Importance of Chhath Puja
Chhath Puja 2021 has a special significance during Sunrise and Sunset. Sunrise and Sunset time is the most important time of the day during which a human body can safely get solar energy without any harm.
That is why, in Chhath Festival, there is a myth of giving the evening and the ‘Vihania Arghya’ to the Sun. It is safe for the human body as the level of ultraviolet radiation in the Sunlight is lowest during this period.
People worship Chhath to thank the Sun God for continuing life on Earth as well as giving us uninterrupted blessings.
The ritual of Chhath Puja, provides mental peace (by purification the body and mind), increases energy levels and immunity, reduces the frequency of burning anger, as well as negative emotions.
It is also believed that Chhath Puja 2021 helps to slow down the aging process of the bodily process. Such beliefs and customs make Chhath Rituals the most important festival in Hinduism.
On Chhath Puja, worship Sun God and Chhathi Maiya helps you gain health, wealthness, and happiness. within a previous couple of years, Chhath Pooja possesses a special significance as a folk festival.